Chapter 10 Key Challenges in the Planning and Management of Tourism in Marine Environments
Published: August 2020
Component type: chapter
Published in: The Impact of Tourism on the Marine Environment
Parent DOI: 10.23912/9781911635574-4283
Throughout much of this text to date I have suggested that the public sector needs to be doing more to plan and manage tourism to reduce its negative impacts on the marine environment. However, I have never said this would be easy and in the Preface, I outlined some of the complexities involved in the planning and management of tourism of the oceans, from the beaches and shoreline to the most remote areas of open sea. In this chapter we will explore some of these complexities and endeavour to look beyond them to see how we might try to develop a model of best practice for the future. Planning and management is obviously a wide field so I will be focusing upon three main areas of activity as follows: - The planning process for tourism including master planning of new resorts, zoning of land and sea for various uses and the system for evaluating and making decisions on proposed new developments. - The ways in which the operations of the tourism industry are managed by the public sector, including legislation and regulations and their enforcement as well as policies on infrastructure development and management. - Emergency planning and crisis management in the event of various kinds of natural disasters which is an important issue in relation to tourism.
- Professor John Swarbrooke (Author)
For the source title:
- Professor John Swarbrooke, University of Plymouth, UK (Author)
Swarbrooke, P.J. (2020) "Chapter 10 Key Challenges in the Planning and Management of Tourism in Marine Environments" In: Swarbrooke, P.J. (ed) . Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.23912/9781911635574-4441
Agostini, VN, Margles, SW, Knowles, JK, Schill, SR, Bovino, RJ, and Blyther, RJ (2015) Marine zoning in St Kitts and Nevis: a design for sustainable management in the Caribbean. Ocean and Coastal Management 104, 1-10.
Becken, S, and Hughey, KFD (2013) Linking tourism into emergency management structures to enhance disaster risk reduction. Tourism Management 36, 77-85.
Chen, CL and Teng, N (2016) Management priorities and carrying capacity at a high- use beach from tourists' perspectives; a way towards sustainable beach tourism. Marine Policy 74, 213-219.
Christie, P (2004) Marine protected areas as biological successes and social failures in southeast Asia. American Fisheries Society Symposium 44, 155-164
Clifton, J and Majors, C (2012) Culture, conservation and conflict: perspectives on marine protection among the Bajau of southeast Asia. Society and Natural Resources. 25(7) 716-725.
Davis, D and Tisdell, C (1995) Recreational scuba-diving and carrying capacity in marine protected areas. Ocean and Coastal Management 26(1) 19-40.
DEFRA (2013) Marine Conservation Zones Designation Explanatory Note. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. London www.globalresearch.ca (2019) www.globalresearch.ca/who-owns-sea/5689740 [17 Oct 2019]
Hoogendoorn, G and Fitchett, JM (2016) Tourism and climate change: a review of threats and adaption strategies for Africa. Current Issues in Tourism 21(7) 742-759.
Kamil, KA, Hailu, A, Rogers, A and Pandit, R, (2017) An assessment of marine protected areas as a marine management strategy in southeast-Asia: a literature review. Ocean and Coastal Management 145, 72-81.
Larsen, RK, Calgaro, E and Thomalia, F (2011) Governing resilience building in Thailand's tourism-dependent coastal communities: conceptualising stakeholder agency in social-ecological systems. Global Environmental Change 21(2) 481-491.
Li, Y and Fluharty, DL (2017) Marine protected area networks in China: challenges and prospects Marine Policy 87, 8-16.
Lopes, PFM, Pacheco, S, Clauzet, M, Silvano, RAM and Begossi, A (2015) Fisheries, tourism, and marine protected areas: conflicting or synergistic interactions? Ecosystem Services 15, 333-340.
Moreno, A and Becken, S, (2008) A climate change vulnerability assessment methodology for coastal tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 17(4) 473-488.
Oracion, E, Miller, ML and Christie, P (2005) Marine protected areas for whom: fisheries, tourism and solidarity in a Philippine community. Ocean and Coastal Management 48(3-6) 393-410.
Papageorgiou, M (2016) Coastal and marine tourism: a challenging factor in Marine Spatial Planning. Ocean and Coastal Management 129, 44-48.
Pearce, D (1986) Carrying capacities for coastal tourism. Industry and Environment 9(1) 3-7.
Portman, ME (2007) Zoning design for cross-border marine protected areas: The Red Sea Marine Peace Park Study. Ocean and Coastal Management 50(7) 499-522.
Quicoy, AR, and Briones, ND (2009) Beach carrying capacity assessment of coastal ecotourism in Clatagan, Batangas, Philippines. Journal of Environmental Science and Management 12(2) 11-27.
Ríos-Jara, E, Galván-Villa, CM, Rodriguez-Zaragoza, FA, López-Uriarte, E, and Mũnoz-Fernández, VT (2013) The tourism carrying capacity of underwater trails in Isabel Island National Park, Mexico. Environmental Management 52, 335-347.
Roman, GSJ, Dearden, P and Rollins, R (2007) Application of zoning and 'limits to acceptable change' to manage snorkelling tourism. Environmental Management 39, 819-830.
Scott, D, Hall, CM, and Gössling, S (2012) Tourism and Climate Change: Impacts, Adaption and Mitigation. Routledge. London www.unepdhi.org, 2017 (8 Jan 2020)
Zhang, L-Y, Chung, S-S, and Qiu, J-W (2016) Ecological carrying capacity assessment of diving site: a case study of Mabul Island, Malaysia. Journal of Environmental Management 183(1) 253-259.