Welcome Guest [create an account] or log-in:

Chapter 1 An unfolding crisis

DOI: 10.23912/9781911635703-4427

ISBN: 9781911635703

Published: August 2020

Component type: chapter

Published in: COVID-19 and Travel

Parent DOI: 10.23912/9781911635703-4387



The travel industry worldwide has been dealt a vicious blow. It is forecast that the number of international tourist arrivals will fall by 60-80%% in 2020 due to the novel coronavirus, putting millions of jobs at risk (Alpert & Beilfuss, 2020; UNTWO, 2020). The drop in arrivals will lead to an estimated loss of $300-450 billion in international tourism receipts (The Economic Times, 2020). The industry will recover, but travel will never be the same again, and the year 2020 will be a defining moment in the history of the tourism sector. But how did this crisis unfold and start to impact travel? This chapter will track the period between the first signs of the virus at the end of 2019 to the beginning of April 2020, showing how as the virus spread, so too did its impact on the travel and tourism around the world.

Sample content

Click here to download PDF


  • Dr Simon Hudson, University of South Carolina, USA (Author)

For the source title:

  • Dr Simon Hudson, University of South Carolina, USA (Author)

Cite as

Hudson, 2020

Hudson, D.S. (2020) "Chapter 1 An unfolding crisis" In: Hudson, D.S. (ed) . Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.23912/9781911635703-4427


Alpert, B. & Beilfuss, L. (2020). Millions of layoffs are coming, hotels, airlines, and retailers warn. Barron's, 22 March. https://www.barrons.com/articles/ millions-of-layoffs-are-coming-hotels-airlines-and-retailers-warn-51584899416

Blevins, J. (2020). Coronavirus forced Colorado's ski industry to shutter. The Colorado Sun, 15 April. https://coloradosun.com/2020/04/15/ colorado-ski-resorts-shutdown-backstory/

Board of Innovation (2020). The new low touch economy. How to navigate the world after COVID. https://www.boardofinnovation.com/low-touch-economy/

Carr, A. & Palmeri, C. (2020). Carnival executives knew they had a virus problem, but kept the party going. Bloomberg Businessweek, 16 April. https://www.bloomberg. com/features/2020-carnival-cruise-coronavirus/

Choat, I. & Wilson, A. (2020). How the coronavirus outbreak is affecting travel in Europe. The Guardian, 26 February. https://www.theguardian.com/travel/2020/ feb/26/how-the-coronavirus-outbreak-is-affecting-travel-in-europe

Clark, D.B. (2020). Inside the Nightmare Voyage of the Diamond Princess. GQ Magazine, 30 April. https://www.gq.com/story/ inside-diamond-princess-cruise-ship-nightmare-voyage

Cuozzo, S. (2020). NYC's hotel industry bracing for potential coronavirus disaster. New York Post, 24 February. https://nypost.com/2020/02/24/ nycs-hotel-industry-bracing-for-potential-coronavirus-disaster/

Duke, J. & Bagshaw, E. (2020). Ad campaign to woo 'safety-conscious' tourists away from Asia to Australia amid coronavirus fears. The Sydney Morning Herald, 21 February. https://www.smh.com.au/politics/federal/ad-campaign-to-woo-safety-conscious-tourists-away-from-asia-to-australia-amid-coronavirus-fears-20200220- p542n7.html

Eisen, D. (2020). January hotel data highlights coronavirus scourge. Hospitality Net, 27 February. https://www.hospitalitynet.org/opinion/4097189.html

Ekstein, N. (2020). Tourism hit from coronavirus will carry into 2021, travel experts say. Japan Times, 16 February. https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2020/02/16/ business/economy-business/tourism-coronavirus-covid19-2021-experts/

Ganguly, S. (2020). Tourists stranded in India because of coronavirus lockdown. CTV News, 2 April. https://www.ctvnews.ca/health/coronavirus/tourists-stranded-in-india-because-of-coronavirus-lockdown-1.4878871

Griffiths, J. (2020a). Taiwan's coronavirus response is among the best globally. CNN. com, 5 February. https://www.cnn.com/2020/04/04/asia/taiwan-coronavirus-response-who-intl-hnk/index.html

Griffiths, D. (2020b). Chic alpine ski resort became a virus haven while officials dallied. Bloomberg News, 11 April. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-04-11/chic-alpine-ski-resort-became-a-virus-haven-as-officials-dallied

Hospitality Net (2020). ITB Berlin canceled. Press Release from Hospitality Net, 28 February. https://www.hospitalitynet.org/news/4097246.html

Hudson, S. & Hudson, L. J. (2017). Marketing for Tourism, Hospitality, and Events. Sage, London.

Jordan, A.E. (2020). Cruise lines prepare for the future. The Maritime Executive, 2 April. https://www.maritime-executive.com/editorials/cruise-lines-prepare-for-the-future

Jozuka, E. (2020). Kyoto launches an 'empty tourism' campaign amid coronavirus outbreak. CNN. https://www.msn.com/en-us/travel/news/kyoto-launches-an-empty-tourism-campaign-amid-coronavirus-outbreak/ ar-BB106A2h

Klassen, C. (2020). No new COVID cases at Sun Peaks, but resort dealing with economic fallout. CFJC Today, 14 April. https://cfjctoday.com/2020/04/14/no-new-COVID-cases-at-sun-peaks-but-resort-dealing-with-economic-fallout/

McCarthy, N. (2020). COVID: Unprecedented decline in air traffic. Statista, 31 March. https://www.statista.com/chart/21288/flights-tracked-daily-worldwide/

Miranda, L. & Atkinson, C. (2020). From empty sidewalks to deserted hotels, coronavirus is slamming the tourism industry. NBC News, 5 March. https:// www.nbcnews.com/business/business-news/empty-sidewalks-deserted-hotels-coronavirus-slamming-tourism-industry-n1147061

Morgan, R. (2020). Coronavirus: Hotel rooms and coach tours canceled in Northern Ireland. BBC News, 19 February. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-northern-ireland-51552556

Myers, P. (2020). France's ski slopes shut down to halt march of coronavirus. RFI, 15 March. http://www.rfi.fr/en/france/20200315-france-ski-coronavirus-edouard-philippe-train-bus-sncf-transport

Mzezewa, T. (2020). Alaska tourism officials see an opportunity in coronavirus. New York Times, 27 February. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/27/travel/coronavirus-travel-alaska.html

National Restaurant Association (2020). New research details early impact of coronavirus pandemic on restaurant industry. National Restaurant Association, 25 March. https://www.restaurant.org/Articles/News/Study-details-impact-of-coronavirus-on-restaurants

Nussey, S., & Tajitsu, N. (2020). Japan's olympics delay could cost $6 billion including hit to tourism. Skift, 30 March. https://skift.com/2020/03/30/japans-olympics-delay-could-cost-6-billion-including-hit-to-tourism/

Robbins, T. (2020). Coronavirus: Travel industry bids to keep us booking. Financial Times, 5 March. https://www.ft.com/content/c32db48e-5dff-11ea-8033-fa40a0d65a98

Romine, T., Levenson, E. & Morgado, J. (2020). Broadway theaters to suspend all performances because of coronavirus. CNN, 12 March. https://edition.cnn.com/2020/03/12/health/broadway-coronavirus-update/index.html

Schultz, K. & Sharma, B. (2020). Stranded abroad, Americans ask: why weren't we warned sooner? New York Times, 3 April. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/03/world/asia/coronavirus-state-department-tourists.html

Scott, P. (2020). Impact of the coronavirus ripples across Asia: 'It has been quiet, like a cemetery.' The New York Times, 23 February. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/23/travel/coronavirus-asia-tourism.html

Shiji Distribution Solutions (2020). COVID crisis recovery data from China. https://www.shijigroup.com/insights/china-hospitality-retail-food-covid19-recovery-live

Skopeliti, C. (2020). Jet2 planes turn around in mid-air as firm cancels Spain flights. The Guardian, 14 March. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/14/jet2-planes-turn-back-in-mid-air-as-firm-cancels-spain-flights-over-coronavirus-measures

STR (2020). STR: US hotel results for week ending 28 March. Smith Travel Research. https://str.com/press-release/str-us-hotel-results-week-ending-28-march

Strong, J. (2020). Small businesses lose millions in tourism revenue. Sun Peaks Independent News, 6 April. http://sunpeaksnews.com/small-businesses-lose-millions-in-tourism-revenue-34922.htm

The Economic Times (2020). International tourism to plunge up to 30% due to virus: UNWTO. https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/international/business/international- tourism-to-plunge-up-to-30-due-to-virus-unwto/articleshow/74849024.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_campaign=cppst

Thorne, P. (2020). Ski resorts are re-opening in three countries. In the Snow, 13 April. https://www.inthesnow.com/ski-resorts-are-re-opening-in-three-countries

UNWTO (2020), https://www.unwto.org/news/covid-19-international-tourist-numbers-could-fall-60-80-in-2020

Walsh, Alistair. (2020a). Coronavirus: New Zealand allows stranded tourists to leave. DW, 2 April. https://www.dw.com/en/coronavirus-new-zealand-allows-stranded-tourists-to-leave/a-52988164

Walsh, Bryan. (2020b). COVID: The history of pandemics. BBC Future, 25 March. https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20200325-COVID-19-the-history-of-pandemics

Yaffe-Bellany, D. (2020). Cruise industry, a symbol of the pandemic, scrambles to survive. New York Times, 7 April. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/07/business/coronavirus-cruise-industry-carnival.html


Chapter 1 An unfolding crisis [Details]Price: £5.99*Licences / Downloadable file

Published in COVID-19 and Travel

Chapter 1 An unfolding crisis [Details]Price: £5.99*Licences / Downloadable file
Paperback format [Details]Price: £37.99Copies / Delivery by post
Terms and conditions of purchase | Privacy policy