Chapter 6 Green ICT for Sustainable Development
Published: October 2018
Component type: chapter
Published in: Principles of Sustainable Project Management
Parent DOI: 10.23912/9781911396857-3884
Almost all businesses, organizations and governments today have Information and Communication Technology (ICT) at their core. ICT enables day-to-day operations as well as assessing what has passed and planning ahead. However, ICT professionals aside perhaps, there is often little understanding of the technology and little appreciation of the link to sustainability and the impact ICT is having on the environment.
The coverage of this chapter is intended for an audience with no detailed knowledge of the various ICT specialisms, providing a broad, but high-level presentation of ICT, and discusses the various links to sustainability that are firmly established.
The discussion starts with the rapid developments since computers first were invented and then moves to energy demands that are being placed as a result of technology proliferations. We then introduce the term Green ICT, report on metrics enabling the measurement of energy consumption and discuss efforts underway to curtail energy consumption, with a focus on data centres. A view from a number of European countries is then presented, looking at how governments are addressing the issues and the barriers that are still in place for a country-wide sustainability drive in ICT. The construction project management sector is one that relies heavily on ICT services, and a brief discussion at the end presents additional issues for the project manager to consider.
- Hind Zantout, Heriot-Watt Dubai (Author)
- Norbert Seyff, University of Zurich (Author)
For the source title:
- Mohamed Salama, Herriot Watt University (Editor) https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5212-082X
Zantout & Seyff, 2018
Zantout, H. & Seyff, N. (2018) "Chapter 6 Green ICT for Sustainable Development" In: Salama, M. (ed) . Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.23912/9781911396857-3960
Amokrane, A. et al., Langar, R., Zhani, M.F., Boutaba, R. and Pujolle, G., (2015) Greenslater: On satisfying Green SLAs in distributed clouds, IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management, 12(3), pp. 363–376.
Amstein & Walthert (2015) Studie zur Stromeffizienz bei Rechenzentren in der Schweiz http://www.news.admin.ch/NSBSubscriber/message/attachments/40638.pdf
Beach, T., Rana, H., Rezgui, O. and Parashar, F. (2013). Cloud computing for the architecture, engineering & construction sector: Requirements, prototype & experience. Journal of Cloud Computing, 2(1), 1-16.
British Geological Society (n.d.) http://www.bgs.ac.uk/discoveringGeology/climateChange/CCS/man-madeEffect.html
Bundeskanzleramt, Rechtsinformationsystem (2017). Ökodesign-Verordnung 2007. https://www.ris.bka.gv.at/GeltendeFassung.wxe?Abfrage=Bundesnormen&Gesetzesnummer=20005348
Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie und BITKOM e.V. (2017)
Caroll, A. and Heiser, G. (2010). An Analysis of Power Consumption in a Smartphone. Proceedings of the 2010 USENIX annual technical conference. p.21. Boston, MA — June 23 - 25, 2010. USENIX Association Berkeley, CA, USA.
CGI (n.d.) Emerging Trends in Green IT https://www.cgi.com/files/white-papers/cgi_whpr_84_emerging_trends_green_it_e.pdf
Chong, H., Wong, J. S. and Wang, X. (2014). An explanatory case study on cloud computing applications in the built environment. Automation in Construction, 44, 152-162.
Cook, G. et al. (2017) Clicking clean: Who is winning the race to build a green Internet? Greenpeace Inc.
Department of Energy (n.d.). https://energy.gov/energysaver/energy-efficient-computers-home-office-equipment-and-electronics
Energieinstitut der Wirtschaft GmbH, IWI Industriewissenschaftliches Institut (2013). Studie "Green ICT in Österreich" - Potenziale und Möglichkeiten zur Steigerung
Ericsson (2016). Technology for Good - Ericsson Sustainability and Corporate Responsibility Report 2016 – ICT Footprint on Downward Energy Trend. https://www.ericsson.com/assets/local/about-ericsson/sustainability-and-corporate-responsibility/documents/2016-corporate-responsibility-and-sustainability-report.pdf
EU Energy Star Database (n.d.) https://www.eu-energystar.org/db-currentlists.htm
Fachgruppe Green IT (n.d.) http://greenit.s-i.ch
Fairphone (n.d.). The modular phone that's built to last. https://www.fairphone.com/
HM Government (2011). UK HM Greening Government: ICT Strategy - A sub strategy of the Government ICT Strategy https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/155098/greening-government-ict-strategy.pdf
HM Government (2012). Statutory guidance:Sustainable procurement: the GBS for office ICT equipment. www.gov.uk/government/publications/sustainable-procurement-the-gbs-for-office-ict-equipment
HM Government (2013). Impact Assessment of the Recast Directive 2012/19/EU on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/186971/bis-13-763-impact-assessment-of-recast-directive-2012-19-eu-on-waste-electrical-and-electronic-equipment-weee.pdf
HM Government (2015 a). Green ICT Maturity Model. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/green-ict-maturity-model
HM Government (2015 b). Greening ICT 2015 Annual Report. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/greening-government-ict-2015-annual-report
International Energy Agency (2009). Gadgets and Gigawatts: Policies for Energy Efficient Electronics. OECD.
ITU (2017). Fast-forward progress - Leveraging tech to achieve the global goals. http://www.itu.int/en/sustainable-world/Documents/Fast-forward_progress_report_414709%20FINAL.pdf
Jiao, Wang, Zhang, Li, Yang and Yuan. (2012). A cloud approach to unified lifecycle data management in architecture, engineering, construction and facilities management: Integrating BIMs and SNS. Advanced Engineering Informatics
Laudon, K. and Laudon, P. (2016). Management Information Systems: Managing the Digital Firm (14th ed.) Pearson.
Lohse, E. (2015). The Law of Green IT, Chapter 4 in Dastbaz, M., Pattinson, C., Akhbar, B. and Kaufmann, M. (eds) Green Information Technology A Sustainable Approach.
Mandičák, T., Mesároš, P. and Kozlovská, M. (2017). Exploitation of cloud computing in management of construction projects in Slovakia. Organization, Technology and Management in Construction: an International Journal, 8(1), 1456-1463. Retrieved 16 Sep. 2017, from doi:10.1515/otmcj-2016-0014
N. M. Rawai, M. S. Fathi, M. Abedi and S. Rambat, (2013). Cloud Computing for Green Construction Management. 2013 Third International Conference on Intelligent System Design and Engineering Applications, Hong Kong, pp. 432-435.
NN (2017). Circular mobile phones. https://www.nn-group.com/Media/Article/Circular-mobile-phones.htm
Pretorius, M., Ghassemian, M., & Ierotheou, C. (2010). An Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Data Centre Virtualisation. 2010 International Conference on P2P, Parallel, Grid, Cloud and Internet Computing, 157–163. https://doi.org/10.1109/3PGCIC.2010.28
Raghavan, B. and Ma, J. (2011). The Energy and Emergy of the Internet. Proceedings of the 10th ACM Workshop on hot topics in networks, 14 November, pp.1-6.
Swisscom AG (2012). The environment and Green ICT in Swiss companies – A survey regarding the attitudes of people and companies to ecological issues. www.swisscom.ch/content/dam/swisscom/en/biz/green_ict/studie/SWISS_IT_00167-03_Green_Studie_fl_e_web.pdf
The Green Grid (n.d.) https://www.thegreengrid.org
Uddin, M. and Rahman, A. A. (2012) Energy efficiency and low carbon enabler green IT framework for data centers considering green metrics, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(1) 4078–4094. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2012.03.014.
United Nations (n.d.) www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (2014) http://unfccc.int/meetings/paris_nov_2015/items/9445.php
Zou, P. X. W., Lun, P., Cipolla, D. and Mohamed, S. (2017). Cloud-based safety information and communication system in infrastructure construction. Safety Science, 98, 50-69.