Welcome Guest [create an account] or log-in:

Chapter 3 Tourism and the Seasons

DOI: 10.23912/9781911635840-5446

ISBN: 9781911635840

Published: June 2023

Component type: chapter

Published in: Tourism: A temporal analysis

Parent DOI: 10.23912/9781911635840-4702



This chapter focuses on climate as a key causal factor and determinant of seasonality. It will explore our understanding of how climate acts as an important construct to patterns of tourism in various parts of the world. It will illustrate how the weather in both the generating regions and the destination areas produces ‘push’ and ‘pull’ factors influencing tourism demand. It will also assess how institutional seasonality exacerbates the effects of natural seasonality creating peaks in tourism demand. Finally, the chapter will examine how global warming is changing the seasons, redistributing climatic assets among tourism regions and influencing global tourism demand.

Sample content

Click here to download PDF


For the source title:

  • Philip Goulding, Formerly Principal Lecturer in Tourism at Sheffield Business School, Sheffield Hallam University, UK (Editor)

Cite as

Doran & Schofield, 2023

Doran, A. & Schofield, P. (2023) "Chapter 3 Tourism and the Seasons" In: Goulding, P. (ed) . Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.23912/9781911635840-5446


Bohn, L. (2009) A brief history of spring break, Time Magazine, 173(12), 14-15.

Butler, R.W (1991) Seasonality in tourism: Issues and implications, in T. Baum & S. Lundtorp (eds.), Seasonality in Tourism, Advances in Tourism Research Series, London: Routledge, pp. 5-18.


Coshall, J, Charlesworth, R. & Page, S. J. (2015) Seasonality of overseas tourism demand in Scotland: A regional analysis, Regional Studies, 49(10), 1603-1620.


Cuccia, T. & Rizzo, I. (2011) Tourism seasonality in cultural destinations: Empirical evidence from Sicily, Tourism Management, 32(3), 589-595.


Dawson, J., Lemelin, R., Stewart, E. & Taillon, J. (2015) Last chance tourism: A race to be last?, in M. Hughes, D. Weaver & C. Pforr (eds), The Practice of Sustainable Tourism: Resolving the paradox, Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 133-145.

Hadwen, W.L., Arthington, A.H., Boon, P.I., Taylor, B. & Fellows, C.S. (2011) Do climatic or institutional factors drive seasonal patterns of tourism visitation to protected areas across diverse climate zones in Eastern Australia?, Tourism Geographies, 13(2), 187-208.


Hall, C. M. (2018) Climate change and its impacts on coastal tourism: Regional assessments, gaps and issues, in A. Jones and M. Phillips (eds), Global Climate Change and Coastal Tourism: Recognizing Problems, Managing Solutions and Future Expectations, Boston: CAB International, pp. 27-48.


Hui, T-K & Yuen, C.C. (2002) A study in the seasonal variation of Japanese tourist arrivals in Singapore, Tourism Management, 23(2), 127-131.


Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2018) Special Report: Global Warming of 1.5°C. Retrieved from: https://www.ipcc.ch/sr15/

Jæger, K. & Viken, A. (2014) Sled dog racing and tourism development in Finnmark, in A. Viken and B. Granås (eds.), Tourism Destination Development: Turns and Tactics. Farnham: Ashgate, pp. 131-152.

López Bonilla, J.M., López Bonilla, L.M. & Borja Sanz Altamira, B.S. (2006) Patterns of tourist seasonality in Spanish regions, Tourism and Hospitality Planning & Development, 3(3), 241-256.


Mintel (2012) Tourism and Climate Change - International - June 2012. Retrieved from: https://reports.mintel.com/display/590197

Mintel (2019) Winter sports in Europe - September 2019. reports.mintel.com/display/924170

Nyaupane, G. P. & Chhetri, N. (2009) Vulnerability to climate change of nature-based tourism in the Nepalese Himalayas, Tourism Geographies, 11(1), 95-119.


Rutty, M. & Scott, D. (2010) Will the Mediterranean become 'too hot' for tourism? A reassessment, Tourism and Hospitality Planning & Development, 7, 267-281.


Rutty, M. & Scott, D. (2013) Differential climate preferences of international beach tourists, Climate Research, 57, 256-269.


Saverimuttu, V. & Varua, M., (2014) Climate variability in the origin countries as a 'push' factor on tourist arrivals in the Philippines, Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 19(7), 846-857.


Steiger, R., Scott, D., Abegg, B., Pons, M. & Aall, C. (2019) A critical review of climate change risk for ski tourism, Current Issues in Tourism, 22(11), 1343-1379.


Talbert, B. (2015) https://skift.com/2015/09/10/interview-miami-tourism-ceoexplains- the-essence-of-destination-branding/Accessed 15th October 2020.

Ulijaszek, S.J. & Strickland, S.S. (Eds.) (2009) Seasonality and Human Ecology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

United National World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) (2008) Climate Change and Tourism - Responding to Global Challenges. https://www.e-unwto.org/doi/book/10.18111/9789284412341

World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) (2016) Exceptionally strong El Niño has passed its peak, but impacts continue. public.wmo.int/en/media/press-release/exceptionally-strong-el-niño-has-passed-its-peak-impacts-continue


Chapter 3 Tourism and the Seasons [Details]Price: £5.99*Licences / Downloadable file

Published in Tourism: A temporal analysis

Chapter 3 Tourism and the Seasons [Details]Price: £5.99*Licences / Downloadable file
Hardback format [Details]Price: £95.00Copies / Delivery by post
Terms and conditions of purchase | Privacy policy