Welcome Guest [create an account] or log-in:

Chapter 9 What a Waste Stakeholder engagement and sports event waste management: An analysis on operational efficiency

DOI: 10.23912/9781915097101-5225

ISBN: 9781915097101

Published: May 2022

Component type: chapter

Published in: Events Mismanagement

Parent DOI: 10.23912/9781915097101-4980



Waste management is an integral part of a green event and crucial to its environ- mental credentials (McCullough et al., 2016; Verdonk et al., 2017). Conventional waste management studies focus on municipal waste collection (Schneider et al., 2017); waste separation behaviour (Stoeva & Alrikkson, 2017); intervention strategies (Shearer et al., 2016) and governance-related challenges (Kromidha et al., 2019). But as green events become more prevalent, research on the waste management of events is gaining momentum (Wall-Tweedie & Nguyen, 2018; Han et al., 2015; Barber et al., 2014; Mair & Laing, 2013). Waste management is the most visible green measure in sports events. It is also relatively low cost, compared to the incorporation of eco-designs in the construction or retro-fitting of sport facilities (Hedayati et al., 2014). Moreover, it is easier to promote recycling than to engage with transportation stakeholders to address the carbon footprint of non- domestic travel in sports tourism (Wicker, 2017).

Sample content

Click here to download PDF


For the source title:

Cite as

Gan, Low & Ze, 2022

Gan, J.E., Low, B. & Ze, B.W.T. (2022) "Chapter 9 What a Waste Stakeholder engagement and sports event waste management: An analysis on operational efficiency" In: Brown, T., Higson, P. & Gaston, L. (ed) . Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.23912/9781915097101-5225


Ansell, C. & Gash, A. (2007). Collaborative governance in theory and practice. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 18, 543-571.


Barber, N.A., Kim, Y.H. & Barth, S. (2014). The importance of recycling to U.S. festival visitors: A preliminary study. Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management, 23, 601-625.


Chalip, L. (2006). Towards social leverage of sport events. Journal of Sport & Tourism, 11(2), 109-127.


Channel News Asia (2017). Host Malaysia promises SEA Games of many firsts. 8 August. https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/sport/hosts-malaysia-promises-sea-games-of-many-firsts-9101700

Davies, C.A. (1999). Reflexive Ethnography. London: Routledge.

Department of Environment and Conservation New South Wales (DEC NSW). (2020) Waste wise events - How to make your event waste wise? https://www.epa.nsw. gov.au/your-environment/recycling-and-reuse/business-government-recycling/waste-wise-events

du Preez, E.A. & Heath, E.T. (2016). Determining the influence of the social versus physical context on environmentally responsible behavior among cycling spectators. Journal of Sport & Tourism, 20(2), 123-143.


Department of Statistics, Malaysia (2020). Compendium of Environment Statistics, Malaysia 2020. https://www.dosm.gov.my/v1/index.php/index.php?r=column/cthemeByCat&cat=162&bul_id=TjM1ZlFxb3VOakdmMnozVms5dUlKZz09&m enu_id=NWVEZGhEVlNMeitaMHNzK2htRU05dz09

Freeman, R.E. (1984). Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Approach. Boston: Pitman.

Fusch, P.I., Fusch, G.E. & Ness, L.R. (2017). How to conduct a mini-ethnographic case study: A guide for novice researchers. The Qualitative Report, 22(3), 923-941.


Geislar, S. (2017). The new norms of food waste at the curb: Evidence-based policy tools to address benefits and barriers. Waste Management, 68, 571-580.


Getz, D., Andersson, T. & Larson, M. (2006). Festival stakeholder roles: Concepts and case studies. Event Management, 10(2/3), 103-122.


Goldblatt, J. (2005). Special Events: Event leadership for a new world. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Han, J.H., Nelson, C.M. & Kim, C. (2015). Pro-environmental behavior in sport event tourism: Roles of event attendees and destinations. Tourism Geographies, 17(5), 719-737.


Hedayati, M., Iyer-Raniga, U. & Crossin, E. (2014). A greenhouse gas assessment of a stadium in Australia. Building Research & Information, 42(5), 602-615.


Holloway, I., Brown, L. & Shipway, R. (2010) Meaning not measurement: Using ethnography to bring a deeper understanding to the participant experience of festivals and events, International Journal of Event and Festival Management, 1 (1), 74-85.


Jaimangal-Jones, D. (2014). Utilising ethnography and participant observation in festival and event research. International Journal of Event and Festival Management, 5(1), 39-55.


Jaimangal-Jones, D. (2010). Exploring the construction and consumption of dance music spaces through the liminal lens, in Stuart-Hoyle, M. and Lovell, J. (Eds), Leisure Experiences: Space, place and performance (pp. 143-164). Brighton: Leisure Studies Association.

Johnsen, T. E., Miemczyk, J. & Howard, M. (2017). A systematic literature review of sustainable purchasing and supply research: Theoretical perspectives and opportunities for IMP-based research. Industrial Marketing Management, 61, 130-143.


Jordan, T., Gibson, F., Stinnett, B. & Howard, D. (2019). Stakeholder engagement in event planning: A case study of one rural community process. Event Management, 23, 61 - 74.


Karadakis, K., Kaplanidou, K. & Karlis, G. (2010). Event leveraging of mega sport events: A SWOT analysis approach. International Journal of Event and Festival Management, 1(3), 170-185.


Kuala Lumpur 2017 (KL 2017) (2017). About Kuala Lumpur 2017. https://kualalumpur2017.com.my/about-kl2017.cshtml

Kromidha, E., Spence, L.J., Anastasiadis, S. & Dore, D. (2019). A longitudinal perspective on sustainability and innovation governmentality: The case of the Olympic Games as a mega-event. Journal of Management Inquiry, 28(1), 77-93.


Lauber, T.B., Decker, D.J., Leong, K.M., Chase, L.C. & Schusler, T.M. (2012). Stakeholder engagement in wildlife management. In D. J. Decker, S. J. Riley and W. F. Siemer (Eds.) Human Dimensions of Wildlife Management 2nd ed., (pp. 139-156). Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.

MacPhail, A. (2004). Athlete and researcher: Undertaking and pursuing an ethnographic study in a sport club. Qualitative Research, 4(2), 227-245.


Mair, J. & Laing, J.H. (2013). Encouraging pro-environmental behavior: The role of sustainability-focused events. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 21(8), 1113-1128.


Mark, B. (2013). Governance: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McCullough, B.P., Trendafilova, S. & Picariello, M. (2016). Legitimizing sustainability efforts through strategic partnerships. Sport & Entertainment Review, 2, 77-83.

Niekerk, M.V. & Getz, D. (2016). The identification and differentiation of festival stakeholders. Event Management, 20(3), 419-431.


Ogiri, I.A., Sidique, S.F., Talib, M.A., Abdul-Rahim, A.S. & Radam, A. (2019). Encouraging recycling among households in Malaysia: Does deterrence matter? Waste Management & Research: The Journal for a Sustainable Circular Economy, 37(7), 755-762.


O'Rourke, S., Irwin, D. & Straker, J (2011). Dancing to sustainable tunes: An exploration of music festivals and sustainable practices in Aotearoa. Annals of Leisure Research, 14(4), 341-354.


Schneider, P., Anh, L.H, Wagner, J., Reichenbach, J. & Hebner, A. (2017). Solid waste management in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam: Moving towards a circular economy? Sustainability, 9, 286; doi: 10.3390/su9020286


Shearer, L., Gatersleben, B., Morse, S., Smyth, M. & Hunt, S. (2016). A problem unstuck? Evaluating the effectiveness of sticker prompts for encouraging household food waste recycling behavior. Waste Management, 60, 164-172.


Spradley, J. (1980). Participant Observation. Orlando, Florida: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Steg, L. & Vlek, C. (2009). Encouraging pro-environmental behavior: An integrative review and research agenda. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 29(3), 309-317.


Stoeva, K. & Alriksson, S. (2017). Influence of recycling programs on waste separation behavior. Waste Management, 68, 732-74.


The New Straits Times (2017). 1,000 green volunteers to help keep KL2017 environmental friendly. The New Straits Times, July 30. https://www.nst.com. my/news/nation/2017/07/262171/1000-green-volunteers-help-keep-kl2017- environmentally-friendly

United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) (2011). A guide to recycling at sports venues. https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/documents/recyclingsportsvenues.pdf

Varotto, A. & Spagnolli, A. (2017). Psychological strategies to promote household recycling: A systematic review with meta-analysis of validated field intervention. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 51: 168-188.


Verdonk, S., Chiveralls, K. & Dawson, D. (2017). Getting wasted at WOMADelaide: The effect of signage on waste disposal. Sustainability, 9, 344; doi: 10.3390/su9030344


Wall-Tweedie, J. & Nguyen, S.N. (2018). Is the grass greener on the other side? A review of the Asia-Pacific sport industry's environmental sustainability practices. Journal of Business Ethics, 152, 741-761.


Wicker, P. (2017). The carbon footprint of active sport tourists: An empirical analysis of skiers and boarders. Journal of Sport & Tourism, doi: 10.1080/14775085.2017.1313706


Xie, P.F. & Sinwald, A. (2016). Perceived impacts of special events by organizers: A qualitative approach. International Journal of Event and Festival Management, 7(1), 50-65.


Zero Waste South Australia (2010). Waste minimization guide - Events and venues. http://www.zerowaste.sa.gov.au/upload/resource-centre/publications/events/2010%20EVENTS%20GUIDE.pdf

Terms and conditions of purchase | Privacy policy