Welcome Guest [create an account] or log-in:

Chapter 4 Attractions

DOI: 10.23912/9781911635352-4723

ISBN: 9781911635352

Published: December 2020

Component type: chapter

Published in: Tourism Theories, Concepts and Models

Parent DOI: 10.23912/9781911635352-4280



Tourism is driven by attractions and access. Attractions explain why people come to a destination, while access influences the volume of visitors. The two are inter- related for strong attractions create demand to enhance access, while weak access effectively limits demand and thus the size and scale of attractions. The opposite is also true. Weak attractions create little necessity to improve access, while strong access creates the opportunity to enhance the breadth of attraction offerings. Tourism attractions play a fundamental role in the successful development of any destination. They serve as demand generators that give the customer a reason to visit. Moreover, consumption of attractions is often considered to be the central theme of the tourism experience being offered. Goeldner and Ritchie (2012) argue that attractions drive people to travel and represent the main motivations for travel. More importantly, they note that without attractions there would be little need for all other tourism services and goods. Thirty years ago, Gee, Makens and Choy (1989) stated that both the quality and quantity of attractions affect travel decisions. Mill and Morrison (2012) illustrate that attractions at a primary destination have to have sufficient breadth and depth of appeal to encourage visitors to stay in a single destination for many days. Holloway and Humphries (2016: 16) also note destinations must have adequate attractions to appeal to a large number of tourists and add further, the more attractions a destination has the easier it becomes to market.

Sample content

Click here to download PDF


For the source title:

Cite as

McKercher & Prideaux, 2020

McKercher, B. & Prideaux, B. (2020) "Chapter 4 Attractions" In: McKercher, B. & Prideaux, B. (ed) . Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.23912/9781911635352-4723


Anon (2016) Definition for three types of theme parks. http://www.familythemeparkvaca- tions.com/three-types-of-theme-parks.html .

BD (2016) Business Dictionary.com, http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/ proximate-cause.html

Benckendorff, P. & Zehrer, A. (2013) A network analysis of tourism research. Annals of Tourism Research, 43, 121-143.


Bessiere, J. (1998) Local development and heritage: Traditional food and cuisine as tourist attractions in rural areas. Sociologia Ruralis, 38(1), 21-34.


Botti, L., Peypoch, N. & Solonandrasana, B. (2008). Time and tourism attraction. Tourism Management, 29(3), 594-596.


Bull, A. (1991) The Economics of Travel and Tourism, Pitman, Melbourne

Caccomo, J. & Solonandrasana, B. (2002) Réflexions autour du concept d'attraction touris- tique: analyse et taxonomie, Revue de Recherche en Tourisme UQAM, 3, 68-71

CILA (2012) Introduction to the Insurance Industry. Chartered Institute of Loss Adjusters. www.cila.co.uk/files/Certificate/Chapter%208.pdf

Clark, I. (2009). Naming sites: Names as management tools in indigenous tourism sites - An Australian case study. Tourism management, 30(1), 109-111.


Crompton, J. L. (1979) Motivations for pleasure vacations. Annals of Tourism Research, 6(4), 164-182.


Culler, J. (1988) The semiotics of tourism. In J. Culler, Framing The Sign: Criticism and Its Institutions (pp. 1-10). Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

Denstadli, J. & Steen Jacobsen, J. (2011) The long and winding roads: Perceived quality of scenic tourism routes. Tourism Management, 32(4), 780-789.


Dunn-Ross, E. & S. Iso-Ahola (1991) Sightseeing tourists' motivation and satisfaction. Annals of Tourism Research, 18(2), 226-237.


Echtner, C. & Jamal, T. (1997) The disciplinary dilemma of Tourism Studies. Annals of Tourism Research, 24(4), 868-883.


EPGC (1995) Packaging for and Selling to the United States Pleasure Travel Market, Economic Planning Group of Canada, for Tourism Canada.

Fenneman J. (2013) What is taxonomy and where did it originate. E-Flora BC www.geog.ubc. ca/biodiversity/eflora/IntroductiontoPlantTaxonomy.html .

Gee, C., Makens, J. & Choy, D. (1989) The Travel Industry 6th E., Van Nostrand Reinhold, Melbourne.

Gibson, H. (1998) Sport Tourism: A critical analysis of research. Sport Management Review, 1, 45-76.


Goeldner, C. & Ritchie, B. (2012) Tourism Principles, Practices and Philosophies. Hoboken: John Wiley and Sons.

Hansman, S. & Hunt, R. (2004) A taxonomy of network and computer attacks. Computers and Society, 24(1), 31-43.


Hardy, A. (2003) An investigation into the key factors necessary for the development of iconic touring routes. Journal of Vacation Marketing, 9(4), 314-330


Hedden, H. (2010) The Accidental Taxonomist Medford: Information Today.

Herbert D. T. (1996) Artistic and literary places in France as tourist attractions. Tourism Management, 17(2), 77-85


Holloway, J (2002). The Business of Tourism, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River.

Holloway, J. & Humphries, C. (2016) The Business of Tourism, 10 th Ed. Harlow: Pearson.

Jenkins, O. (1999) Understanding and measuring tourist destination images. International Journal of Tourism Research, 1, 1-15.


Kantanen, T. & Tikkanen, I. (2006). Advertising in low and high involvement cultural tourism attractions: Four cases. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 6(2), 99-110.


Kotler, P. & Keller, P. (2012) Marketing Management 14 th Ed. Toronto: Prentice Hall.

Koutoulas, D. (2015). Understanding the Tourism Product. 10.13140/RG.2.1.2250.4806. Interim symposium of the Research Committee on International Tourism of the International Sociological Association 14-16 May, University of the Aegean, Mytilini, Greece

Laws, E. & Scott, N. (2015) Tourism research: Building from other disciplines. Tourism Recreation Research, 49(1), 48-58.


Leask A. (2014) Visitor attraction management: A critical review of research 2009 - 2014. Tourism Management, 57, 334-361.


Leiper, N. (1990) Tourist Attractions Systems. Annals of Tourism Research, 17(3), 367-384.


Lew, A. (1987) A framework of tourist attractions research. Annals of Tourism Research, 14, 553-575.


Litvin, S. & Mouri, N. (2009) A comparative study of the use of 'iconic' versus 'generic' advertising images for destination marketing. Journal of Travel Research, 48(2), 152-161.


MacCannell, D. (1976) The Tourist: A New Theory of the Leisure Class. New York: Schoken Books.

MacCannell, D. (2001) Tourist Agency. Tourist Studies, 1(1), 22-37.


Mannell, R. & Iso-Ahola, S. (1987) Psychological nature of leisure and tourism experience. Annals of Tourism Research, 14(3), 314-329.


McKercher, B. & Lau, G. (2007) Understanding the movements of tourists in a destination: Testing the importance of markers in the tourist attraction system. Asian Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research, 1(1), 39-53.

McKercher, B. (1993) Some fundamental truths about tourism: understanding tourism's social and environmental impacts Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 1(1), 6-16.


McKercher, B. (2016a) Towards a taxonomy of tourism attractions. Tourism Management, 54, 196-208, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261517715300431.


McKercher. B. (2016b) Do attractions attract tourists? A framework to assess the importance of attractions in driving demand. International Journal of Tourism Research, 19(1), 120-125.


Mehmetoglu, M. (2004) Tourist or traveller? A typological approach. Tourism Review, 59(3), 33-39.


Mercille, J. (2005) Media effects on image: The case of Tibet. Annals of Tourism Research 32(4), 1039-1055.


Mill, R. & Morrison, A. (2012) The Tourism System 7 th Ed. Dubuque: Kendall Hunt.

Page, S. (2019) Tourism Management 6 th Ed Oxon: Routledge.


Pearce, D. (1989) Tourist Development 2 nd Ed. Harlow: Longman.

Pearce, P. (1991) Analysing tourist attractions The Journal of Tourism Studies, 2(1), 46-55.

Peters, M. & Weiermair, K. (2000) Tourist attractions and attracted tourists: How to satisfy today's 'fickle' tourist clientele? Tourism Studies, 11(1), 22-29.

Richards, G. (2002) Tourist attraction systems: Exploring cultural behaviour. Annals of Tourism Research, 29(4), 1048-1064.


Shoval, N. & Raveh, A. (2004) Categorization of tourist attractions and the modeling of tourist cities: Based on the co-plot method of multivariate analysis, Tourism Management, 25(6), 741-750.


Sokal, R. (1986) Phenetic taxonomy: Theory and methods. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 17, 423-442.


Stebbins, R. & Hartel, J. (2006) The serious leisure perspective. www.seriousleisure.net/ .

Timothy D. (1997) Tourism and the personal heritage experience, Annals of Tourism Research, 24(3), 751-754.


Tussyadiah, I. & Fesenmaier, D. (2009) Mediating tourist experiences: Access to places via shared videos. Annals of Tourism Research, 36(1), 24-40.


UNWTO (2008a) International Recommendations for Tourism Statistics 2008 Draft Compilation Guide. Madrid: UNWTO. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/tradeserv/egts/CG/IRTS%20compila- tion%20guide%207%20march%202011%20-%20final.pdf .

UNWTO (2008b) International Recommendations for Tourism Statistics 2008 Madrid: UNWTO. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/tradeserv/IRTS%202008%20edited%20whitecover.pdf .

Walker, J. & Walker, J. (2011) Tourism Concepts and Practices. New York: Prentice Hall.

Wong, C. & McKercher, B. (2013) Web markers for various tour products: The case of Hong Kong. Tourism Management Perspectives, 8, 126-130.


Young, C., Corsun, D. & Baloglu, S. (2007) A taxonomy of hosts visiting friends and relatives. Annals of Tourism Research, 34(2), 497-516.



Chapter 4 Attractions [Details]Price: £5.99*Licences / Downloadable file

Published in Tourism Theories, Concepts and Models

Chapter 4 Attractions [Details]Price: £5.99*Licences / Downloadable file
Paperback format [Details]Price: £36.99Copies / Delivery by post
Terms and conditions of purchase | Privacy policy