Welcome Guest [create an account] or log-in:

Chapter 14 Sustainability

DOI: 10.23912/9781911635352-4730

ISBN: 9781911635352

Published: December 2020

Component type: chapter

Published in: Tourism Theories, Concepts and Models

Parent DOI: 10.23912/9781911635352-4280



During the early 1980s, it became apparent that major global environmental changes were occurring suddenly and silently and were only beginning to be recognized as an emerging threat by the global scientific community. Scholars and an increasing number of citizens became aware that there was a growing element of uncertainty and risk from human activities on global environments The establishment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) and endorsed later by the General Assembly of the United Nations was a major step in focusing the global community’s attention to the problem. At that time, moderate environmentalists were wrestling with the idea that we can live in a world where economic development and economic pressures for both developing and developed countries would continue. Short- term pressures to develop national economies (along with the social benefits that derive from it) were considered by policy makers to outweigh long-term potential impacts from that development process. In other words, we failed to ask the question of how can a sustainable economy be developed that integrates both industrial and ecological needs? More recently, advocates of degrowth suggest a more radical change to how the global economy functions. While it is unrealistic to suggest that the solution to our environmental woes would be to wind back the global economy, growing concerns about sea level rise, ecosystem collapse and the emergence of other global ecological crises challenge the idea that it is possible to promote economic growth while maintaining environmental protection. This chapter explores a range of issues related to sustainable development in general and sustainable tourism in particular. It begins with an overview of the concept of sustainable development before moving onto a discussion of sustainable tourism. The chapter then discusses the range of models and concepts that have been developed to monitor asustainability.

Sample content

Click here to download PDF


For the source title:

Cite as

McKercher & Prideaux, 2020

McKercher, B. & Prideaux, B. (2020) "Chapter 14 Sustainability" In: McKercher, B. & Prideaux, B. (ed) . Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.23912/9781911635352-4730


Anable, J., Lane, B. & T. Kelay (2006). An Evidence Base Review of Public Attitudes to Climate Change and Transport Behaviour. London: Department for Transport. www.fcrn.org.uk/ sites/default/files/Evidence_of_public_attitudes_and_behaviour.pdf .

Bac, D. (2012) The emergence of sustainable tourism: A literature review. QUAESTUS Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 131-140. http://www.quaestus.ro/wp-content/ uploads/2012/03/bac4.pdf .

Becken, S. (2004). How tourists and tourism experts perceive climate change and carbon- offsetting schemes. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 12(4), 332-345


Biely, K., Maes, D. & Van Passel, S. (2018) The idea of weak sustainability is illegitimate Environmental Development and Sustainability, 20(1), 223-232.


Bramwell, B., Higham, J., Lane, B. & Miller, G. (2017) Twenty-five years of sustainable tourism and the Journal of Sustainable Tourism: looking back and moving forward." Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 25(1), 1-9.


Briassoulis, H. (2002) Sustainable tourism and question of the commons, Annals of Tourism Research, 29(4), 596-611.


Buckley, R.C. (2012) Sustainability Reporting and Certification in Tourism, Tourism Recreation Research, 37(1), 85.


Budeaunu, A., Miller, G., Moscardo, G. & Ooi, C. (2016) Sustainable tourism, progress, chal- lenges and opportunities: An introduction. Journal of Cleaner Production, 111, 285-294.


Butler, R. W. (1999) Sustainable tourism: A state‐of‐the‐art review. Tourism Geographies: An International Journal of Tourism Space, Place and Environment, 1(1), 7-25.


Carillo, M. & Jorge, J. (2017) Multidimensional Analysis of Regional Tourism Sustainability in Spain. Ecological Economics, 140. 89-98.


Castellani, V. & Sala, S. (2012) Ecological footprint and life cycle assessment in the sustain- ability assessment of tourism activities, Ecological Indicators, 16, 135-147.


Clarke, J. (1997) A framework of approaches to sustainable tourism, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 5(3), 224-233.


Cushman, C., Field, B., Lass, D. & Stevens, T. (2004) External costs from increased islands visitations: results from the Southern Thai Islands', Tourism Economics, 10(2), 207-219.


De-Camillis, C., Raggi, A. & Petti, L. (2010) Tourism LCA: State-of-the art and perspectives, International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 15(2), 148-155.


Elkington, J. (1994) Towards the sustainable corporation: Win-win-win business strategies for sustainable development. California Management Review, 36(2), 90-100.


Ecologically Sustainable Development Working Groups (ESDWG) (1991) Ecologically Sustainable Development- Final Report - Tourism. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

Fennell, D.A. & Cooper, C. (2020) Sustainable Tourism, Channel View


Filimonau, V., Dickinson, J. & Robbins, D. (2014) The carbon impact of short-haul tourism: a case study of UK travel to Southern France using life cycle analysis, Journal of Cleaner Production, 64, 628-638.


Foster, K., Vecchia, P. & Repacholi, M. (2000) Science and the precautionary principle.


Science, 28 (5468), 979-981.

Garrod, B. & Fyall, A. (1998) Beyond the rhetoric of sustainable tourism. Tourism Management, 19(3), 199-212.


Gordon, H. S. (1954). The economic theory of a common-property resource: The fishery, Journal of Political Economy, 62(2), 124-142. Doi: 10.2307/1825571.


Hardin, G. (1968) The tragedy of the commons, Science, 162, 1243-1248.


Healy, R. (1994) The "common pool" problem in tourism landscapes, Annals of Tourism Research, 21(3), 596-611.


Higgins-Desbiolles, F. (2017) 'Sustainable tourism' is not working - here's how we can change that. The Conversation. https://theconversation.com/sustainable-tourism-is-not- working-heres-how-we-can-change-that-76018

Hunter, C. & Shaw, J. (2007)The ecological footprint as a key indicator of sustainable tourism, Tourism Management, 28, 46-57.


Ilgin, A. & Gupta, S. (2010) Environmentally conscious manufacturing and product recov- ery: A review of the state of the art, Journal of Environmental Management, 91(3), 563-591


Islam, M., Yamaguchi, R., Sugiawan, Y. & Managi, S. (2019) Valuing natural capital and ecosystem services: A literature review. Sustainability Science, 14, 159-174.


Kuhlman, T. & Farrington, J. (2010) What is sustainability? Sustainability, 2(11), 3436-3448; https://doi.org/10.3390/su2113436 .


Lin, D., Hanscom, L., Murthy, A., Galli, A., Evans, M., et al. (2018) Ecological footprint accounting for countries: Updates and results of the national footprint accounts, 2012-2018. Resources, 7, 58.


Lindberg, K., McCool, S. & Stankey, G. (1997) Rethinking carrying capacity, Annals of Tourism Research, 24(2), 461- 465.


Liu, Z. (2003) Sustainable tourism development: A critique. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 11(6), 459-475.


Malthus, T.R. (1798) Essay on the Principle of Population As It Affects the Future Improvement of Society, with Remarks on the Speculations of Mr. Goodwin, M. Condorcet and Other Writers . London: J. Johnson in St Paul's Church-yard. Retrieved 20 June 2015. via Internet Archive

Marzo-Navarro, M., Pedraja-Iglesias, M. &Vinzón, L. (2015) Sustainability indicators of rural tourism from the perspective of the residents, Tourism Geographies, 17(4), 586-602, 10.1080/14616688.2015.1062909.


McCool, S. (2013) Limits of acceptable change in tourism. In Holden, A. & Fennel, D. (eds), Routledge Handbook of Tourism and the Environment, Routledge, Oxon, pp 285-298.

McCool, S. (2016) The changing meanings of sustainable tourism. In McCool S. & Bosak K. (eds) Reframing Sustainable Tourism. Environmental Challenges and Solutions, Vol. 2, Springer, Dordrecht, pp 13-32.


McKercher, B. (1993a) Some fundamental truths about tourism: Understanding tourism's social and environmental impacts Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 1(1), 6-16.


McKercher, B. (1993b) The unrecognised threat to tourism: Can tourism survive sustain- ability Tourism Management, 14(2), 131-136.


McKercher, B. & B. Prideaux (2014) Academic myths of tourism. Annals of Tourism Research. 46, 16-28.


Miller, G. & Twining-Ward, L. (2005). Monitoring for sustainable tourism transition: The challenge of developing and using indicators. Cambridge, MA: CABI.


Moscardo G. (2015) Tourism and sustainability: Challenges, conflict and core knowledge. In: Moscardo G. and Benckendorff P. (eds) Education for Sustainability in Tourism. CSR, Sustainability, Ethics & Governance. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://link.springer. com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-662-47470-9_2 .

Muangasame, K. & McKercher, B. (2015) The challenge of implementing sustainable tour- ism policy: A 360-degree assessment of Thailand's "7 greens sustainable tourism policy" Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 23(4), 497-516, 10.1080/09669582.2014.978789.


Obst, C. (2016) Framing Sustainable Tourism. Madrid: UNWTO http://cf.cdn.unwto.org/sites/ all/files/pdf/mst_issue_paper_1.pdf .

Odum, E.P. (1953) Fundamentals of Ecology, Philadelphia: Saunders.

Park, J. & Jang, S. (2013) Confused by too many choices? Choice overload in tourism. Tourism Management, 35, 1-12.


Pearce, A. Markandya & E. B. Barbier (1989) Blueprint for a Green Economy. London: Earthscan Publications.

Pelanc, J. & Ballet, J. (2015) Strong sustainability, critical natural capital and the capability approach. Ecological Economics, 112, 36-44.


Pelanc, J. & Dedeurwaerdere, T. (2015) Weak Sustainability versus Strong Sustainability. UN Brief for GSDR 2015. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/ documents/6569122-Pelenc-Weak%20Sustainability%20versus%20Strong%20 Sustainability.pdf .

Pigram J.J. (1990) Sustainable tourism - policy consideration. Journal of Tourism Studies, 1(2), 2-9.

Pintassilgo, P. & Silva, J. (2007) 'Tragedy of the commons' in the tourism accommodation industry, Tourism Economics, 13(2), 209-224


Ruhanen, L., Weiler, B., Moyle, B. & McLennan, C. (2015) Trends and patterns in sustain- able tourism research: a 25-year bibliometric analysis, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 23(4), 517-535, DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2014.978790


Rees, W. E. (1992). Ecological footprints and appropriated carrying capacity: What urban economics leaves out. Environment & Urbanization, 4(2), 121-130. doi:10.1177/095624789200400212


Salas-Zapata, W. & Ortiz-Munoz, S. (2018) Analysis of meanings of the concept of sustain- ability. Sustainable Development, 27, 153-161.


Sandin, P. (1999) Dimensions of the precautionary principle, Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, 5(5), 889-907, DOI: 10.1080/10807039991289185 Sardianou, E., Kostakis, I., Mitoula, R., Gkaragkani, V., Lalioti, E. & Theodoropoulou, E. (2016) Understanding the entrepreneurs' behavioural intentions towards sustainable tourism: A case study from Greece. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 18, 857-879 DOI 10.1007/s10668-015-9681-7.

Sayre, N. (2008) The genesis, history, and limits of carrying capacity, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 98(1), 120-134, DOI: 10.1080/00045600701734356


Sunstein, C. (2003) Beyond the precautionary principle, University Pennsylvania Law Review, 151(3), 1003-1-58.


Swarbrooke, J. (1999). Sustainable Tourism Management. Oxon: CAB International.


Torres-Delgado, A. & Lopez-Palomeque, F. (2012) The growth and spread of the concept of sustainable tourism: The contribution of institutional initiatives to tourism policy. Tourism Management Perspectives, 4, 1-10.


UNWTO (2004) Indicators of Sustainable Development for Tourism Destinations: A guide book. United Nations World Tourism Organization. Madrid, Spain

UNWTO (2013) Sustainable Tourism for Development UN World Tourism Organization: Madrid. https://www.e-unwto.org/doi/pdf/10.18111/9789284415496 .

Vogt, W. (1948) Road to Survival, New York: William Sloane.

WCED (1987) Our Common Future. World Commission on Environment and Development. United Nations. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/5987our- common-future.pdf .


Chapter 14 Sustainability [Details]Price: £5.99*Licences / Downloadable file

Published in Tourism Theories, Concepts and Models

Chapter 14 Sustainability [Details]Price: £5.99*Licences / Downloadable file
Paperback format [Details]Price: £36.99Copies / Delivery by post
Terms and conditions of purchase | Privacy policy