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Chapter 16 Tourism Planning

DOI: 10.23912/9781911635352-4735

ISBN: 9781911635352

Published: December 2020

Component type: chapter

Published in: Tourism Theories, Concepts and Models

Parent DOI: 10.23912/9781911635352-4280



In the last few decades of the 20th Century, there was a shift from modernist forms of public administration, where government bureaucracies were given licence to ‘define and act for the public good’ (Dredge and Jamal, 2015: 287), to the current globalist/neoliberal perspective of governance, where governments have downsized bureaucracies and outsourced many functions. The outcome has seen many governments move into an arbiter/enabler role, shifting from public administration to public management. This change significantly influenced think- ing about the role that governments play in planning. The consequence has been that while there is apparent public sector support for development that adheres to the principles of sustainability, the reality is that neoliberal style policy contin- ues to place growth rather than sustainability at the heart of policy formulation. Previous chapters of this book have observed that maintening contemporary systems of economic production and consumption will create a future that will be significantly different from the present. Characteristics of this ‘future’ will include rising sea levels, degraded ecosystems and higher temperatures. Future planning challenges will include responding to the impact of climate change, the depletion of non-renewal resources, ecosystem decline and the need to transition into a new carbon-neutral economy. From a planning context these changes will require rethinking of how tourism planning is undertaken and the objectives that future planning may wish to achieve compared to the current objectives of planning, which are often based on a desire for continuing growth but with a cursory nod to a need for development that is ‘sustainable’. This chapter briefly reviews the role of planning, the relationship between planning and policy, and issues that planning will need to address in the future. Underlying this discussion is the view that a lack of planning, particularly at the strategic level but also at the destination and enterprise level, will result in ad hoc, unregulated, inefficient and reactive responses to calls to supply tourism infrastructure and services.

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McKercher & Prideaux, 2020

McKercher, B. & Prideaux, B. (2020) "Chapter 16 Tourism Planning" In: McKercher, B. & Prideaux, B. (ed) . Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.23912/9781911635352-4735


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