Chapter 5 Festivals as Communities of Practice, Learning by doing and knowledge networks amongst artists
Published: January 2015
Component type: chapter
Published in: Focus On Festivals
Parent DOI: 10.23912/978-1-910158-15-9-2599
Much research and debate on the impact and roles played by arts festivals in regional development concentrates on their external impacts and on two as- pects in particular. One is the economic impact of festivals and their potential to attract tourism and therefore benefit the local economy; second is the role they can play in rebranding or regenerating a locality, specifically looking at people’s pride in place, social cohesion and the participation of specific social groups. However, instead of looking at the external impacts of festivals on communities and economies, this chapter will examine the impact of festivals on one of their core stakeholders: participating artists (Glow and Caust, 2010). 1 The research takes theoretical approaches from the regional and organisational studies field, such as ‘communities of practice’ (Wenger, 1998), ‘learning by doing’ (Arrow, 1962), learning-by-interacting (Lundvall, 1992) and ‘temporary clusters’ (Bathelt and Schuldt, 2008) to explore the creative practice of artists involved in an emerging UK arts festival (Fuse Medway Festival, Kent). It discusses the role of the festival on artists’ careers, their creative practice and their ability to learn and connect with other creative producers and asks: ‘are festivals also knowledge communities?’
- Roberta Comunian (Author)
For the source title:
- Chris Newbold, De Montfort University (Editor)
- Christopher Maughan, Freelance writer (Editor)
- Jennie Jordan, De Montfort University (Editor)
- Franco Bianchini, Leeds Beckett University (Editor)
Comunian, R. (2015) "Chapter 5 Festivals as Communities of Practice, Learning by doing and knowledge networks amongst artists" In: Newbold, C., Maughan, C., Jordan, J. & Bianchini, F. (ed) . Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.23912/978-1-910158-15-9-2640
Arcodia, C. and Whitford, M. (2006) Festival attendance and the development of social capital, Journal of Convention and Event Tourism, 8(2), 1-18.
Arrow, K J. (1962) The economic implications of learning by doing, The Review of Economic Studies, 29(3), 155-73.
Bathelt, H. and Schuldt, N. (2008) Between luminaires and meat grinders: international trade fairs as temporary clusters, Regional Studies, 42(6), 853-68.
Crespi‐Vallbona, M. and Richards, G. (2007) The meaning of cultural festivals, International Journal of Cultural Policy, 13(1), 103-22.
Crompton, J. L. and McKay, S. L. (1994) Measuring the economic impacts of festivals and events: some myths, misapplications and ethical dilemmas, Festival Management and Event Tourism, 2(1), 33-43.
Fenwick, T. (2008) Understanding relations of individual-collective learning in work: a review of research, Management Learning, 39(3), 227-43.
Gibson, C., Waitt, G., Walmsley, J. and Connell, J. (2010) Cultural festivals and economic development in nonmetropolitan Australia, Journal of Planning Education and Research, 29(3), 280-93.
Glow, H. and Caust, J. (2010) Valuing participation: artists and the Adelaide Fringe Festival, International Journal of the Humanities, 8(2), 413-24.
Grabher, G. (2002) Cool projects, boring institutions: temporary collaboration in social context, Regional Studies, 36(3), 205 - 14.
Granovetter, M. (1973) The strength of weak ties, American Journal of Sociology, 78, 1360- 80.
Gursoy, D., Kim, K. and Uysal, M. (2004) Perceived impacts of festivals and special events by organizers: an extension and validation, Tourism Management, 25(2), 171-81.
Lundvall, B. (1992) National Systems of Innovation. Towards a Theory of Innovation and Interactive Learning, London: Pinter Publisher.
O'Sullivan, D. and Jackson, M.J. (2002) Festival tourism: a contributor to sustainable local economic development?, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 10(4), 325-42.
Quinn, B. (2005) Arts festivals and the city, Urban Studies, 42(5-6), 927-43.
Rao, V. (2001) Celebrations as social investments: festival expenditures, unit price variation and social status in rural India, Journal of Development Studies, 38(1), 71-97.
Richards, G. and Wilson, J. (2004) The impact of cultural events on city image: Rotterdam, Cultural Capital of Europe 2001, Urban Studies, 41(10), 1931 - 51.
Robertson, M. and Wardrop, K. (2004) Events and the destination dynamic: Edinburgh Festivals, entrepreneurship and strategic marketing, in I. Yeoman, M. Robertson and J. Ali-Kight (eds.) Festivals and Events Management: An International Arts and Culture Perspective, pp 115-29. Oxford: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann.
Smith, C. and Jenner, P. (1998) The impact of festivals and special event tourism, Travel and Tourism Analyst, 4, 569-584.
Snowball, J. D. and Willis, K. G. (2006) Building cultural capital: Transforming the South African National Arts Festival, South African Journal of Economics, 74(1), 20-33.
Snowball, J. D. and Willis, K. G. (2006) Estimating the marginal utility of different sections of an arts festival: the case of visitors to the South African National Arts Festival, Leisure Studies, 25(1), 43-56.
Wenger, E. (1998) Communities of practice: Learning, meaning and identity, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.